Bukidnon lies in the north central part of the island of Mindanao. It is bounded on the north by Misamis Oriental, on the south by North Cotabato and Davao del Sur, on the east by Agusan del Sur, and on the west by Lanao del Sur. Malaybalay city is the capital of Bukidnon. It is composed of 20 municipalities, two component cities and 464 barangays. For the purposes of congressional administration, the province is divided into three (3) districts.
Bukidnon has a total land area of 1,049,859 hectares. About 669,529.25 hectares is classified as Timberland and the remaining 380,332.75 hectares is classified as Alienable and Disposable, 92% of which is utilized for agricultural production.
Bukidnon is the country's major producer of rice, corn, sugar, banana, coffee, rubber, cassava as well as pineapple, tomato and other fruits and vegetables. Recognized by the Food and Agriculture Organization as a foot-and-mouth-disease-free province, it is also a major producer of chicken, hogs and cattle. Flowers and floriculture abound, as its biodiversity and endemic species of flora and fauna is one of the richest in the country.
Over a thousand small and medium firms in the province are engaged in rice and corn milling. Several large firms are into agri-industrial business while other giant firms are engaged in food manufacturing, contract breeding and growing operations.
Bukidnon’s major industries include the Del Monte Phils Inc., Dole Philippines, Inc., Lapanday Diversified Products Corporation, Southern Fresh Products, Inc., Celebrate Life Agri-ventures Philippines, Inc., Nature's Organic Fresh Pineapple, Inc., Manupali Agri-Development Corp., Agrinanas Development Corporation, Jikka Fruits, Inc., Bukidnon Highland Farms, Mt. Kitanglad Agri-Development Corporation, and Mt. Kitanglad Agri-Ventues, Incorporated.
The province has a total population of 1,190,284 based on the latest 2007 Census of Population. Bukidnon is a landlocked province and relies mainly on its road network transportation of people and goods and access to basic social services.